The turbulent decade of the 1960s marked a turning point in the long struggle for Mexican-American civil rights. As César Chávez and Dolores Huerta organized California’s farmworkers to fight for better wages and a union, Chicana and Chicano students in Los Angeles conducted high-school “blowouts” to protest educational neglect. Throughout the US Southwest, activists deployed an array of strategies that included the takeover of public buildings and lands, as well as more conventional voter registration campaigns, to demand political and social change. The youth of the Chicana/o Movement—or, el Movimiento—paved the way for the eventual creation of Latina/o Studies programs in US universities.
for more information:
Latino Americans, PBS: http://www.pbs.org/latino-americans/en/